Gjennomsnitlig Co2 produksjon kosnader for en ny bensin/diesel bil er ca 7t Co2.

En Tesla Model S 85kWh koster ca 16t Co2(8t bil + 8t batteri) å produsere.

 

Bytter du ut en Volkswagen Golf S 1.6 3dr(5dr) bensin med en Tesla Model S så vil Teslan bli Co2 nøytral etter: 82747km

Golf S 1.6 3dr(5dr) bruker 166gCo2/km. Plus produksjons og transport kosnader +17% = 194gCo2/km

16000kg Co2 / 0194kg Co2 = 82747km

 

Hvis du tar med gjennomsnitt kjøre lengde på en bil som er ca 230.000km så sparer du miljøet med:

230.000km – 82747km x 0,194kg Co2/km = 28,5t Co2 ved å kjøre en Tesla Model S 85kWh iht til en bil som bruker 166gCo2/km.

For å sammenligne Golf’s Co2 Well-to-Wheel med Tesla’n Production-to-Wheel så må vi legge til 37% energi tap i forskjellige ledd.

Men siden norsk strøm er Co2 fri så blir det ingen ekstra Co2 pga av dette.

 

Kilder:

Comparative Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Conventional and Electric Vehicles

Europe’s Energy Portal

Energy consumption, CO2 emissions and other considerations related to Battery Electric Vehicles

Kia Soul EV earns whole-life environmental certificate

 

  • Soul EV achieves major TÜV Nord Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) certificate
  • ISO 14040 certification considers whole-life environmental impact of Soul EV

The Kia Soul EV has become the latest model from the Korean brand to earn important certification for its outstanding whole-life environmental credentials.
TÜV Nord, an independent technical inspection organisation, has certified the new Kia Soul EV according to the ISO 14040 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) standard. LCA examines the environmental impact of both the car and the overall manufacturing process throughout its whole life, taking into account factors such as choice of materials, tailpipe emissions and recycling.

Comparing the Soul EV to its diesel counterpart currently on sale in Europe, the zero-emissions electric vehicle scored particularly strongly for ‘Global Warming Potential’, emitting 39.7% fewer greenhouse gases over the whole life of the vehicle, such as carbon dioxide and methane. The Soul EV also scored an improvement in ‘Photochemical Oxidant Creation Potential’, limiting the amount of smog created by the vehicle’s manufacturing process and by the vehicle itself throughout its life.
Kia’s first TÜV Nord certification was earned in 2008 with the first-generation cee’d, and this year’s certifications bring the total number of Kia models with ISO 14040 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) certification to 11.

The product development process employed by Kia aims to minimise the environmental footprint of Kia’s manufacturing operations, and all cars developed by the brand since 2006 have been built with the LCA in mind.

This more environmentally-friendly development process covers five major steps:
– Application of a check-sheet to evaluate the vehicle’s environmental credentials throughout its lifecycle
– Utilisation of 3D drawings at the design stage to verify recyclability
– Detailed physical analysis of the product during the development process to verify recyclability
– Use of eco-friendly materials
– Streamlining of the manufacturing process through improvements in use of materials and simplification of parts design

The Soul EV produced for both Korean and European markets has been ISO 14040-certified, with models for the North American market due to follow in August.

Earlier this year, Kia announced its intention to achieve ISO 50001 certification across all its global production facilities which will result in tighter management of energy consumption. ISO 50001 is an international standard on corporate energy conservation planning and implementation. Kia’s Gwangju plant has been ISO 50001-certified since 2012, with other facilities due to follow.

Source: kia.com

 

Gjennomsnitt kWh/km og Co2 på blandet kjøring(55% bykjøring/45% landevei). Alle tallene er Tank-to-Wheel:


Bil kWh/km gCo2/km Norsk gCo2/km EU-15
BMW i3 0,167 0 51
Fiat 500e 0,180 0 55
Honda Fit EV 0,180 0 55
Mitsubishi Miev 0,186 0 57
Nissan Leaf 0,186 0 57
Ford Focus 0,198 0 61
Smart Fortwo 0,198 0 61
Tesla Model S (60kWh) 0,217 0 67
Tesla Model S (85kWh) 0,236 0 73
Mercedes-Benz B-Class 0,248 0 76
Toyota RAV4 EV 0,273 0 84
Drivstoff bil
Toyota Prius 1.4 0,381 104 104

Gjennomsnitt kWh/km tallene er hentet fra The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) – Fuel Economy Guide 2014 med 55% bykjøring og 45% landevei kjøring.

EU energi tallene er kWh x 310g Co2/kWh Som er gjennomsnitt Co2/kWh i EU-15(2010).

Vi har konsekvent brukt de nominelle tallene fra The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) – Fuel Economy Guide 2014  (for Prius så vel som for de elektriske biler). Som vi vet, tall beregnet i reelle trafikkforholdene kan variere og avhenger også i stor grad på fører stil.

Co2/kWh energi produsjon iht land:

Land gCo2/kWh 1990 gCo2/kWh 2000 gCo2/kWh 2009 gCo2/kWh 2010
Norge 0 0 0 0
Sverige 12 22 19 30
Frankrike 105 75 78 79
Belgia 347 291 218 220
EU 15 442 362 321 310
Tyskland 607 522 467 461
Nederland 607 477 420 415
UK 672 472 453 457
Polan 988 866 799 781

Source: International Energy Agency (IEA), March 2013

Kilde:

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) – Fuel Economy Guide 2014

GHG Emissions from Energy Industry